Since its early beginning, the purpose of the Union has been to advance the development of the basic and clinical neurosciences by:
- The dissemination of information and scientific knowledge in neurosciences.
- Stimulating, encouraging and developing programs of clinical and basic neurological research throughout the Arab Countries.
- Providing means of a closer professional and personal appreciation of Arab neurologists and neurological societies.
- The contribution to active international neurological congresses specially: European Academy of Neurology (EAN), American Academy of Neurology (AAN), and World Federation of Neurology (WFN).